The European Baccalaureate

The European Baccalaureate is a widely accepted diploma, recognised by all the Member States of the European Union.

According to Article 5 of the Convention Defining the Statute of the European Schools, Denmark and other EU members states have a legal obligation to ensure that EB holders:

‘have the same right as nationals with equivalent qualifications to seek admission to any university in the territory of the Contracting Parties’.

The academic standards and requirements for the EB are high. As the EB is a multilingual education, EB graduates are fully proficient in minimum two languages and have a good command of 1-2 additional foreign languages. Moreover, approximately 90% of Danish EB graduates have more than the mandatory four A-level subjects, whereas this only applies to approx. 25% of Danish STX graduates (UFM rapport 2018, p. 9).

The EB is marked in percentages out of a 100, and student must obtain a minimum of 60% overall to pass. A mark out of 10 is also awarded for each individual subject. This means that students have to perform well across a wide range of academic subjects to obtain a good overall score in the EB and that it is very rate to get a score of 90% or above (UFM rapport 2018, p.11).

Access to higher education/university in Denmark

The European Baccalaureate is recognised on equal terms with a Danish gymnasium/upper secondary school leaving qualification (Stx, Hfx, Hhx, Htx). When EB graduates apply for a Danish university, their EB grades are converted to the Danish marking scale based on a table of equivalence/conversion scale developed by the Ministry of Research.

EB students must take a minimum of 31 lessons and a maximum of 35 lessons, of which the compulsory subjects account for 21. At least four subjects must be taken at the advanced level, which corresponds to A-level in a Danish upper secondary education.

EB students study their first language, at least one foreign language to a high level, history and geography in that foreign language, mathematics, at least one science subject, philosophy, physical education and religion. In addition, they must take a number of optional subjects, for example more sciences and languages, or the same subjects at a higher level. This in effect means that students have a lot of flexibility to decide a programme that reflects their particular interests and strengths (Source: European Baccalaureate: Information for admissions officers for universities and other higher education providers, August 2019, UK Department for Education).

In order to be accepted into a university course or field of study, it is usually a requirement that students have taken certain subjects at a certain level. Upper secondary students must therefore carefully consider their subject choices. If an EB student would like to take mathematics and science subjects at a level corresponding to the Danish A-level, therefore, they should choose the Math 6-period option in Secondary 4 and 5 and the Math 5-period option in Secondary 6 and 7. Other EB students have Math at a level equivalent to the Danish B-level. If an EB student would like to take a science subject on the level corresponding to the Danish A-level, they should choose the subject as a 4-period option in Secondary 6 and 7. EB students who do not have a 4-period science course will obtain the level C in science and will finish the science course after Secondary 5.

Subject levels in the EB compared to the Danish gymnasium can be found under “Fagniveauer” in Eksamenshåndbogen.

Applicants must apply to Danish Universities before 15th March but can submit their final diploma up until 5th July, which is the same deadline for applicants with a leaving qualification from a Danish upper secondary school.

For more information, visit:

Study guidance / careers advice

Students receive mandatory careers guidance sessions in S3, S4, S5 and S6. These sessions are aimed at helping students make the right subject choices for S6 and S7 and they know what is required to pursue the post-secondary education of their choice. In S5, S6 and S7, study guidance is delivered in cooperation with an external counsellor from Studievalg København with a focus on guidance on admission to Danish and international universities.

Access to universities in other EU member states

You can read more about the equivalence tables and access requirements for higher education in other EU countries in this document:

Access to universities in other countries

The EB is also recognised by universities in countries outside the EU, including:

More information about the European Baccalaureate programme

To read more about the European Baccalaureate, please visit the website of the European Schools.